Iraq Course Bound To End Badly

Every time our smirking, swaggering, stubborn, dishonest president promises

"to stay the course" in Iraq I feel sick, especially when, dressed in a

sport shirt and standing comfortably under the blue Texas sky, he comments

on the deaths in Iraq. Young men and women are dying, being maimed,

suffering psychological trauma which will haunt them for the rest of their

lives. All the president can do is mouth cliches.

What does "stay the course" mean? At one time it meant "regime change." Then

it came to mean "weapons of mass destruction," then it meant "war on

terror." Now apparently it means an Iraq that is "democratic and free." Even

for someone of the president's limited knowledge of history, that is

nonsense. How many Arab countries are currently both free and democratic --

from Mauritania to Saudi Arabia? Not a one. Does that not suggest that it

would be impossible for the United States to impose on Arab culture what we

mean by freedom and democracy? In fact, how many Muslim countries can boast

of Western-style civil society and democracy? Turkey, maybe, at least up to

a point. Iran? Pakistan? Bangladesh? Indonesia? Does that suggest that in

its present form Islamic culture is not conducive to what we mean by


Have Karl Rove and Condoleezza Rice told that to the president?

In Iraq even as the president babbles about "staying the course," the Shiite

majority is struggling to create an Islamic republic on the Iranian model,

more moderate, perhaps, but still a theocratic state in which the mullahs

have supreme power -- and women have almost no rights at all. Indeed

"staying the course" seems to mean fighting Iran's war against Iraq with

Chinese money (which pays for the part of the national debt the war is

piling up through the purchase of American treasury notes).

I do not deny that there are elements in the Islamic heritage that are

compatible with a civil and democratic society. I insist, however, that

these elements do not dominate today in any Islamic country, again with the

partial exception of Turkey. But President Bush is nonetheless going to

create by sheer willpower and the blood of American troops such a society in


Democracy does not mean the same thing to Muslims as it does to Westerners,

it will be argued, just as Mr. Putin says that it does not mean the same

thing to Russians as it does to Americans. Fair enough, I suppose, but there

is no evidence that the president comprehends this fact. Most Americans

believe that real democracy is something like our own. They believe that the

president is promising that in Iraq. It is a foolish, ignorant, stupid


Democracy does not mean merely that the majority of voters elect their

rulers. It also means the rights of the minority are protected. It means

freedom of the press, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, the right

to seek redress of grievance, an impartial and independent judiciary, it

means no street violence after an election, the right to presumed innocence

and to appeal court decisions, respect for those who are different from you,

protection of property and contracts, a stable and generally accepted civic

culture, civilian control of the military and the police -- all the precious

and priceless freedoms and rights which we Americans take for granted --

however imperfectly they may be protected or honored.

Majority rule, without these kinds of safeguards, turns into tyranny, total

power invested in the monarch or the general or the cleric or the caudillo

or maximum leader or whoever else claims at gunpoint to embody the will of

the people. No matter how long Bush "stays the course" in Iraq, the history

of that part of the world suggests that the end result of our "regime

change" will be something like that. For this, American blood is being


Western democracy, far from perfect, is still the best there is. One may

call what goes on in Cuba or Russia or China or Egypt or Algeria or Pakistan

or Indonesia democracy not in the Western style, if one wishes. But the

president should not deceive the American people. What will happen in Iraq

will be very much like what existed before Saddam came to power and

eventually lead, in the name of the will of the people, to another tyrant

who will rule with an automatic weapon in his hand.

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